Sitewide Recent Posts – hack

I started using WordPress Mu for a couple of sites that I am helping out with. The key to WordPress Mu is the ability to have multiple WordPress sites under the control of a main WordPress site. For example, if you have a common topic, you can have multiple sub-sites under the main site. Examples of these are the two sites I am helping out with 9/12 Candidates and NC Freedom. While 912 Candidates has sub-sites based on each state, NC Freedom uses sub-sites based on regions within the state.

Another part of WordPress Mu is the ability to have a sitewide plug-in. A sitewide plugin can pull information throughout the site. On 912 Candidates I create a sitewide plug-in to handle the Gold List of candidates. It allows each sub-site to enter in their candidate and have the Gold Lists update across the site accordingly.

For the NC Freedom site, I needed a way to show the most recent post from across the site. Luckily, WordPress Mu has a site with plug-ins created for sitewide use. On this site I found AHP Sitewide Recent Posts. Unfortunately there was a slight issue with how the recent posts were returned.

The 0.6.1 version would get each blog based on the update date value and then get each post for those blogs, posting the excerpts as it went through each blog. This meant, that if a blog was updated for any reason, it might have an early update date and it’s posts would show as being newer than other posts that were in reality posted more recently. The best option would be to put all of the posts into an array, then sort the array on the post date and then finally display them in the appropriate order.

The first change I made was to add an array variable and a counter.

	$postArray = array();
	$i = 0;

Next I shortened the loop area to only include the blog and post queries and not display any output. This also included separating out the sql statement for the comment query, since I would be using this twice. First to loop through each comment and then second to insert that comment into the array. The “$i” counter allows each post to be inserted at the next array spot. I also modified the query to put the post date as the first column and the second column as the blog id ($blog AS this_blog). These changes will help with the sorting and permalink structure.

foreach ($blogs as $blog) {

			// we need _posts, _comments, and _options tables for this to work
		    $blogPostsTable = "wp_".$blog."_posts";...

			// fetch the ID, post title, post content, post date, and user's email for the latest post
			$sql = "SELECT $blogPostsTable.post_date, $blog AS this_blog, $blogPostsTable.ID, $blogPostsTable.post_title,
				$blogPostsTable.post_content, wp_users.display_name,
				wp_users.user_email, wp_users.user_login
				FROM $blogPostsTable, wp_users
				WHERE wp_users.ID = $blogPostsTable.post_author
				AND post_status = 'publish' AND post_type = 'post'
				AND post_date >= DATE_SUB(CURRENT_DATE(), INTERVAL $how_long DAY)
				AND $blogPostsTable.id > 1
				ORDER BY $blogPostsTable.post_date DESC limit 0,1";
			$thispost = $wpdb->get_results($sql);


			// if it is found put it into the Array
			if($thispost) {

				$postArray[$i] = $wpdb->get_row($sql, ARRAY_A);
				$i++;
			}
		}

Finally, after the array is done, there is a check to see if there are actual rows in the array. If there are rows, then the array is sorted by the first column, which is the post date. Then the script loops through the array to display each posts.

if(count($postArray) > 0){
	array_multisort($postArray, SORT_DESC);
	for ($a = 0; $a < count($postArray); $a++){

When each row is called, a little different syntax is required. There has to be a reference to the array item, then the column.

$postArray[$a]['post_date']

Here is the complete modified script. The displaying of the post has been modified to fit better with the layout of site I am using it on. Look here for the working example.

<?php

/*
Plugin Name: AHP Sitewide Recent Posts for WordPress MU
Plugin URI: http://www.metablog.us/blogging/ahp-recent-posts-plugin-for-wordpress-mu/
Description: Retrieves a highly customizable list of the most recent sitewide posts in a WordPress MU installation. Automatically excludes blog ID 1 (main blog), and post ID 1 (first "Hello World" posts of new blogs).
Author: Aziz Poonawalla
Author URI: http://metablog.us

FUNCTION ARGUMENTS

$how_many: how many recent posts are being displayed
$how_long: time frame to choose recent posts from (in days)
$optmask: bitmask for various display options (default: 255)
	DISPLAY OPTIONS BITMASK
	1;  // gravatar
	2;  // date
	4;  // author name
	8;  // comment count
	16; // blog name
	32; // post name
	64; // post excerpt
	128; // excerpt capitalization
$exc_size: size of excerpt in words (default: 30)
$begin_wrap: start html code (default: <li class="ahp_recent-posts">)
$end_wrap: end html code to adapt to different themes (default: </li>)

SAMPLE FUNCTION CALL

to show 5 posts from recent 30 days: <?php ahp_recent_posts(5, 30);  ?>

SAMPLE CSS

gravatar styling:  img.avatar-24 { float: left; padding: 0px; border: none; margin: 4px; clear: left; }
LI styling: li.ahp-recent-posts { list-style-type: none ;}
excerpt styling: .ahp-excerpt { margin-top: 2px }

TODO:

- link gravatar icon to Extended Profile in buddypress, if installed
- widgetize
- show more than one post per blog

CHANGELOG
Version 0.7
Update Author: Dean Logan
Update Author URI: http://www.dean-logan.com
- altered loops add an array to store comments
- sort comment array and then display
- altered display layout

Version 0.6
Update Author: Aziz Poonawalla
Update Author URI: http://metablog.us
- added comment count display option
- added enable/disable excerpt capitalization
- consolidated title/name of post display options into bitmask
- reduced number of required arguments
- added class name ahp-recent-posts to default start html LI tags
- added class ahp-excerpt to excerpt block

Version 0.5
Update Author: Aziz Poonawalla
Update Author URI: http://metablog.us
- changed gravatar link to point to all posts by author on main blog (ID = 1).
- added date string, author output
- implemented bitmask to control gravatar, date, author output
- consolidated numwords argument with display argument

Version 0.4.1
Update Author: Aziz Poonawalla
Update Author URI: http://metablog.us
- added gravatar support, icon size 24px
- gravatar can be styled by img.avatar-24 in your css file
- gravatar image links to author's blog
- capitalization of first five words of the excerpt

Version 0.4.0
Update Author: Aziz Poonawalla
Update Author URI: http://metablog.us
- added exclusions for first blog, first post, enabled post excerpt

Version: 0.32
Update Author: G. Morehouse
Update Author URI: http://wiki.evernex.com/index.php?title=Wordpress_MU_sitewide_recent_posts_plugin

Version: 0.31
Update Author: Sven Laqua
Update Author URI: http://www.sl-works.de/

Version: 0.3
Author: Ron Rennick
Author URI: http://atypicalhomeschool.net/
*/

function ahp_recent_posts($how_many, $how_long, $optmask = 255, $exc_size = 30, $begin_wrap = '<li class="ahp_recent-posts">', $end_wrap = '</li>') {
	global $wpdb;
	$counter = 0;

	// EDIT THESE TO CUSTOMIZE THE OUTPUT
	$debug = 0;
	$blog_prefix = "Posted from ";
	$post_prefix = "";
	$auth_prefix = 'Posted by ';
	$com_prefix = ' &nbsp; currently ';
	$date_format = 'D M jS, Y';
	$grav_size = 60;

	// DISPLAY OPTIONS BITMASK
	$grav_flag = 1;  // gravatar
	$date_flag = 2;  // date
	$auth_flag = 4;  // author name
	$com_flag  = 8;  // comment count
	$name_flag = 16; // blog name
	$post_flag = 32; // post name
	$exc_flag  = 64; // post excerpt
	$cap_flag  = 128; // excerpt capitalization

	// set the various option flags
	if ($optmask & $grav_flag) { $use_grav = 1; } else { $use_grav = 0; }
	if ($optmask & $date_flag) { $use_date = 1; } else { $use_date = 0; }
	if ($optmask & $auth_flag) { $use_auth = 1; } else { $use_auth = 0; }
	if ($optmask & $com_flag)  { $use_com  = 1; } else { $use_com = 0;  }
	if ($optmask & $name_flag) { $use_name = 1; } else { $use_name = 0; }

	if ($optmask & $post_flag) { $use_post = 1; } else { $use_post = 0; }
	if ($optmask & $exc_flag)  { $use_exc  = 1; } else { $use_exc = 0;  }
	if ($optmask & $cap_flag)  { $use_cap  = 1; } else { $use_cap = 0;  }

	// debug block
	if ($debug) {
		echo '<hr>'.'opt = '.$optmask.': grav = '.$use_grav.', date = '.$use_date
		.', auth = '.$use_auth.', use_com = '.$use_com.', use_name = '.$use_name
		.', use_post = '.$use_post.', use_exc = '.$use_exc.', use_cap = '.$use_cap;
	}

	// get a list of blogs in order of most recent update. show only public and nonarchived/spam/mature/deleted
	$blogs = $wpdb->get_col("SELECT blog_id FROM $wpdb->blogs WHERE
		public = '1' AND archived = '0' AND mature = '0' AND spam = '0' AND deleted = '0' AND
		last_updated >= DATE_SUB(CURRENT_DATE(), INTERVAL $how_long DAY)
		ORDER BY last_updated DESC");

	$postArray = array();
	$i = 0;
	if ($blogs) {
		echo '<ul class="ahp_recent-posts">' . "\n";
		foreach ($blogs as $blog) {

			// we need _posts, _comments, and _options tables for this to work
		    $blogPostsTable = "wp_".$blog."_posts";

			// debug block
			if ($debug) {
				echo '<hr>processing blog '.$blog.' = <a href="'.
				$options[0]->option_value.'">'.$options[1]->option_value.'</a> <br>';
			}

			// fetch the ID, post title, post content, post date, and user's email for the latest post
			$sql = "SELECT $blogPostsTable.post_date, $blog AS this_blog, $blogPostsTable.ID, $blogPostsTable.post_title,
				$blogPostsTable.post_content, wp_users.display_name,
				wp_users.user_email, wp_users.user_login
				FROM $blogPostsTable, wp_users
				WHERE wp_users.ID = $blogPostsTable.post_author
				AND post_status = 'publish' AND post_type = 'post'
				AND post_date >= DATE_SUB(CURRENT_DATE(), INTERVAL $how_long DAY)
				AND $blogPostsTable.id > 1
				ORDER BY $blogPostsTable.post_date DESC limit 0,1";
			$thispost = $wpdb->get_results($sql);


			// if it is found put it into the array
			if($thispost) {

				$postArray[$i] = $wpdb->get_row($sql, ARRAY_A);
				$i++;
			}
		}

		if(count($postArray) > 0){
			array_multisort($postArray, SORT_DESC);
			for ($a = 0; $a < count($postArray); $a++){
				// debug block
				if ($debugflag) {
					echo 'processing thispost ID = ' . $postArray[$a]['ID'] . '<br>';
					echo 'post_title = ' . $postArray[$a]['post_title'] . '<br>';
					echo 'post_content = ' . $postArray[$a]['post_content'] . '<br>';
					echo 'post_date = ' . $postArray[$a]['post_date'] . '<br>';
					echo 'display_name = ' . $postArray[$a]['display_name'] . '<br>';
					echo 'user_email = ' . $postArray[$a]['user_email'] . '<br>';
					echo 'user_login = ' . $postArray[$a]['user_login'] . '<br>';
					echo 'site_url = ' . $postArray[$a]['option_value'] . '<br>';
				}

				// get post ID
				$thispostID = $postArray[$a]['ID'];

				// get permalink by ID.  check wp-includes/wpmu-functions.php
				$thispermalink = get_blog_permalink( $postArray[$a]['this_blog'], $thispostID);

				// set blog tables
				$blogOptionsTable = "wp_" . $postArray[$a]['this_blog'] . "_options";
				$blogCommentsTable = "wp_" . $postArray[$a]['this_blog'] . "_comments";

				// get blog name,  URL
				if ($use_name) {

					$options = $wpdb->get_results("SELECT option_value FROM
					$blogOptionsTable WHERE option_name IN ('siteurl','blogname')
					ORDER BY option_name DESC");

					$blog_link = $options[0]->option_value;
					$blog_name = $options[1]->option_value;
					$this_blogname = $blog_prefix.'<a href="' . $blog_link . '">' . $blog_name . '</a>';

				} else { $this_blogname = ''; }

				// get comments
				if ($use_com) {

					// sql query for all comments on the current post
					$thesecomments = $wpdb->get_results("SELECT comment_ID
					FROM $blogCommentsTable
					WHERE comment_post_ID = $thispostID");

					// count total number of comments
					$num_comments = sizeof($thesecomments);

					// pretty text
					if ($num_comments == 0) { $thiscomment = $com_prefix.'no comments'; }
					elseif ($num_comments == 1) { $thiscomment = $com_prefix.'one comment'; }
					else { $thiscomment = $com_prefix.$num_comments.' comments'; }

				} else { $thiscomment = ''; }

				// get author
				if ($use_auth) {
					$thisauthor = $auth_prefix.$postArray[$a]['display_name'];
				} else { $thisauthor = ''; }

				// get author's posts link
				$thisuser = $thispost[0]->user_login;
				$thisuser_url = $thisbloglink."author/".$thisuser;

				// get gravatar
				if ($use_grav) {
					$grav_img = get_avatar( $postArray[$a]['user_email'] , $grav_size );
					$thisgravatar = '<a href="'.$thisuser_url.'">'.$grav_img.'</a>';
				} else { $thisgravatar = ''; }

				// get post date (nicely formatted)
				if ($use_date) {
					//$thisdate = date($date_format, strtotime( $thispost[0]->post_date )) ;
					$thisdate = '<span class="dateMonth">' . date('M', strtotime( $postArray[$a]['post_date'] )) . '</span>';
					$thisdate .= '<span class="dateDay">' . date('d', strtotime( $postArray[$a]['post_date'] )) . '</span>';
					$thisdate .= '<span class="dateYear">' . date('Y', strtotime( $postArray[$a]['post_date'] )) . '</span>';
					$thistime = date('g:i a', strtotime( $postArray[$a]['post_date'] ));
				} else { $thisdate = ''; }

				// get post name
				if ($use_post) {
					$this_postname = $post_prefix . '<a href="' . $thispermalink . '">'  .$postArray[$a]['post_title'] . '</a><br>';
				} else { $this_postname = ''; }

				if ($use_exc) {

					if ($exc_size == 0) { $thisexcerpt = ''; }
					else {
						// get post content and truncate to (numwords) words
						$thiscontent = strip_tags( $postArray[$a]['post_content'] );
						preg_match("/([\S]+\s*){0,$exc_size}/", $thiscontent, $regs);

						if ($use_cap) {
							// build the excerpt html block, capitalize first five words
							$trunc_content = explode( ' ', trim($regs[0]) , 6 );
							$exc_str = strtoupper($trunc_content[0]).' '
							.strtoupper($trunc_content[1]).' '
							.strtoupper($trunc_content[2]).' '
							.strtoupper($trunc_content[3]).' '
							.strtoupper($trunc_content[4]).' '
							.$trunc_content[5].'... ';
						} else { $exc_str = trim($regs[0]); }

						$thisexcerpt = '<span style="ahp-excerpt">'.$exc_str
						.'<a href="'.$thispermalink.'">'
						.'&raquo;&raquo;MORE'.'</a></span>';
					}
				} else { $thisexcerpt = ''; }

					echo $begin_wrap
					. '<div class="date">' . $thisdate . '</div>'
					. '<div id="avatar" style="margin-left:65px; margin-top:14px;">' . $thisgravatar . '</div>'
					. '<h3>' . $this_postname . '</h3>'
					. '<div class="postmetadata">&nbsp;@ ' . $thistime . '<br /><div id="author">' . $thisauthor . '</div>'
					. '<br /><div id="blogname">&nbsp;' . $this_blogname . '</div><div id="comment"> | ' . $thiscomment . '</div></div>'
					. '<div id="excerpt">' . $thisexcerpt . '</div>'
					. $end_wrap  . "\n";

					$counter++;
			}

			// don't go over the limit
			if($counter >= $how_many) {
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	else {
		//echo "no recent posts meet the criteria...<br>";
	}
}
?>

About DeanLogic
Dean has been playing around with programming ever since his family got an IBM PC back in the early 80's. Things have changed since BASICA and Dean has dabbled in HTML, JavaScript, Action Script, Flex, Flash, PHP, C#, C++, J2ME and SQL. On this site Dean likes to share his adventures in coding. And since programming isn't enough of a time killer, Dean has also picked up the hobby of short film creation.

About DeanLogic

Dean has been playing around with programming ever since his family got an IBM PC back in the early 80's. Things have changed since BASICA and Dean has dabbled in HTML, JavaScript, Action Script, Flex, Flash, PHP, C#, C++, J2ME and SQL. On this site Dean likes to share his adventures in coding. And since programming isn't enough of a time killer, Dean has also picked up the hobby of short film creation.